Did you know?
The two imposing buildings on the same square, opposite the Parliaments building were rivals in the competition for the new Houses of Parliament? Actually, we have three buildings facing each other… Wannabe parliaments!
In the construction of the Hungarian Parliament about one thousand people were involved, 40 million bricks, half a million precious stones and 40 kilograms (88 lb) of gold were used?
The architect of the Parliament, Imre Steindl after 17 years of work could never see his finished masterpiece? He died just few weeks before.
The length of all the stairs in the building is over 20 kilometres?
The Parliaments Building had a magnificent heating and air conditioning system? Imre Steindl used the highest standards of innovation of his time! How? 6 tons of ice blocks were delivered to the slide leading to the basement, and the fresh, cool air was passed on into the boardroom.
In the Hungarian Parliament still there are some elevators in operation from the first years of the 20th century?
Much the Parliament makes use of the magical number 96? The top of the dome is 96 meters high, and the number of stairs of the main staircase, 96 are commemorating the Millennium Celebration of Hungary, 1896.
The renovation of the Parliament Building started in 1925 and was finished on the 20th of December 2013, 88 years later?
The PMs could smoke on the corridor, but never in the Session Hall) and they had a numbered cupper cigar holder in which after voting they could find their half smoked cigars again?
Do you know what was the opinion of a sarcastic Hungarian writer about the Parliament? He said „It is a mixture of a Gothic church and a Turkish Bath”.
We don’t agree, decide yourself!
The Chain Bridge is quintessential symbol, stamped on all Hungarian hearts and reproduced on thousands of souvenir keyrings, snowstorm paperweights and coffee mugs.
Four magnificent lion statues are guarding the two ends of the bridge.
Do you know why there is a tunnel on the Buda side of the bridge? Well, if it rains the bridge is pulled into the tunnel, so that it won’t get wet!!!
The Chain Bridge is named after the initiator, Lord Széchenyi, who as a young aristocrat travelled through Europe to study and examine the results of the Industrial Revolution. He stayed in London for a while and got enthusiastic about what he had seen there.
The idea of a permanent bridge over the River Danube was born when he fell in love with a handsome bridge near London. The Hammershmith Bridge is the first suspension bridge that crosses the River Thames in West London. After having seen another work of the architect Thierny Clark, the Marlow Bridge in London, Lord Széchenyi could attain the architect to join him and build a bridge over his beloved Danube.
The construction was led by a younger fellow, Adam Clark, who not only constructed the wonderful bridge but created the Tunnel joining Chain Bridge and found a new homeland in Hungary.
The bridge has a caretaker; his office is on the Funicular side of the Tunnel. His duty is to inspect the bridge twice a day and to report to the authorities. This job was inherited from the father and grandfather of the recent bridge master.
There were times in history when the Chain Bridge was supposed to be destroyed. Once right before the opening ceremony, but it failed. The second attempt was unfortunately successful: Nazi German Troops blew it up to stop the Red Army on the opposite side of the river.
Although Buda Hill has been the royal residence since the 13th century, there is no trace of the early period Gothic palace. Some of the mediaeval remains you can see today in the Historical Museum, but the majority of the huge building complex dates back to the 18-19th century. Due to the demolition in WWII some mediaeval ruins came to light close to the Western wall of the Palace district. One part was restored, here the first Jewish street was discovered under today’s street level. Unfortunately, it cannot be visited yet, at least we could not see it. It is said to have even a mikve, a ritual bath of the Jewish community down there.
What we see today of the Royal Palace is a reconstruction from the 1960s that shows what was left after the siege of WWII. Unfortunately, it is not much what was left from the pomp and beauty of the Royal Palace. You need to visit the Historical Museum to see some old pictures, paintings and damaged chairs, some carpets which can give you an idea, what it looked like.
Since the last restoration the palace complex is being used as a cultural institution, it is housing the National Museum of Hungary, where you can see the most beautiful Impressionist works of Hungarian painters, the National Library and the Museum of Budapest’ History.
The area around the Palace, the Yard is often used for festivals: sometime you can taste wine or pálinka (the snaps of Hungary), sometimes you find colourfully dressed young people gathering from the countryside, who dance around and show their traditions.
Did you know we have a royal tomb here? Oh yes, a wing of the famous Habsburg family from the 19th century founded a royal crypt in the formal palace. It is still there.
The expanding population and its growing consciousness and demand for higher culture motivated the Town Council to found an Opera House. An outstanding location was appointed at the fancy new avenue which was just beginning to be constructed in the 1880s.
The Opera is said to have cost a million forints in gold to build, money which was entirely put up by the Emperor Franz Joseph, keen to demonstrate that he wasn’t a Habsburg ogre – though he received little recognition for his generosity. To be fair, though, he in turn gave little recognition to the architect, Miklós Ybl. ’It is beautiful. I like it very much’, was all the effusion he could muster, and this, for what is arguably the loveliest opera house in Europe, is not saying much. The architect of the Vienna Opera, when faced with a similar lack of imperial enthusiasm, had despairingly committed suicide.
Her Majesty, Queen Elisabeth did love the opera, not just the music and the scenery, but she enjoyed popularity and fame. Her private box is above the stage with a good view of the audience, but a less good view of the stage.
The ticket price equalled the price of a good cow! Just the wealthiest citizens could afford to attend the shows.
Franz Liszt assisted in the foundation, but his colleague, Franz Erkel was the major organizer. He became the first director of the Opera House and his opera, the Bank Bán was performed at the opening ceremony.
Gustav Mahler, the famous conductor also operated in Budapest for several years.
Well, today you don’t need to have deep pockets to get into the State Opera House in Budapest, you can either visit it in the afternoon, or buy a ticket to any show you like!
Did you know that there is a bridge in Budapest which has no water underneath just meadows? Today it connects nothing with nothing! And the explanation is:
The Millennium Underground Railway – opened in 1896-, had its terminus in the City Park, close to the zoo, where the line came up to the surface. Behind the Heroes’ Square as the railway popped up stood the legendary bridge made of ferro-concrete. As the line had been renovated in the 1970s, a new end station was build further away, the tunnel and the rails were demolished. This is the reason how the poor little bridge is standing alone with no water, no railway anymore.
The railway line was opened on the 8th May 1896by His Majesty Franz Joseph 1st. He was the very first passenger who could travel with the carriages below street level. And eyewitnesses report that His Majesty enjoyed the trip so much, that he did the journey three times! The Royal Carriage Nr. 20 was different from all the others. It was evolved and decorated especially for the visit of His Royal Highness Franz Joseph. He did a ride on the Special Wagon decorated with grinded Belgian glasses, the press reported about the event.
Two other lines are competing for the title the First Underground Railway in the world: New York since 1869, where the entire line was 95 metres! And London which started the project of extending its railway lines in 1854, but opened the first line only in 1863.
The little city of Pest was an excellent area for having diverse markets: breeds from the Great Plain, grey cattle, horse or Mangalica pig, grain and fruits, vegetables were transported from nearby and from great distance. Till the end of the 19th century, after the union of Buda and Pest the immense growing population and the demand for higher hygienic standards brought the idea of market halls. Another factor was the developing metal industry which could now produce metal structures to cover big spaces.
1896 was the year when 5 market halls were built, of which the Central Market was located closest to the most important pier of the river Danube. To make the loading easier a tunnel connected the pier with the cellar of the Market Hall.
Why is the Great Market Hall so popular among locals and tourists? The amazing, huge covered space, the gigantic structures over our heads, the piles of smiling vegetables and fruits, the colourful chains of paprika, national spice of the Hungarians, fresh meat and delicious looking sausages, and of course the continuous flow of people makes the Market Hall such an attraction.
Not just food, but lots of souvenirs are sold on the gallery beside the food stalls where you can taste Lángos, a kind of Hungarian pizza, stuffed cabbage and many more famous Hungarian dishes.
Don’t miss the underground level where the vendors sell colourful pickles!
I have a secret to tell you! Visit the Hold Street Market Hall, the little sister of the Great Market, a charming, fully renovated local market with lots of catering places with new ideas. Yummy!
Close to the Pest Downtown, at the Small Boulevard you find another pearl of Budapest. The Great Dohány Synagogue.
The immense growing Jewish community, which had newly received a permit to settle down at the border of the town Pest, started to build a House Where the People can Meet their God, a Synagogue.
At first the ground was purchased on the corner of Dohány Street (Tobacco Street) and the majority of the community, the conservatives won the right to furbish the new praying house. Some of the Jews found it way too modern, they founded a new congregation and started to build a new synagogue. This is standing just a block away from here in the Rumbach Street. And few years later the Orthodox community decided to establish an own synagogue, this is the well-known Kazinczy Synagogue. This is how the Golden Triangle of the three big synagogues was established. As you might see, all the Synagogues are called after the street, where they are located.
1944 was the year when the Nazis established here the Ghetto, to concentrate the Jewish population in town. Lack of food and health care supply caused many victims, who were buried in the Memorial Garden of the Dohány Synagogue. Only here and in Prague you find a cemetery right beside a synagogue.
Behind the Great Synagogue, in the centre of the Raoul Wallenberg Park is the moving memorial by the sculptor Imre Varga. It takes the form of a metal weeping willow tree, planted on the site of the mass graves of victims of the Holocaust. Each leaf bears a name of one of the dead.
The river Danube is Europe’s second longest river, – after the Volga. On her 2850 km journey, she connects 10 European countries. The spring is in the Black Forest in South Germany, where 2 little streams meet in Donaueschingen. Because it is hard to define the exact point of origin, the distance is measured from the Black Sea, the delta of the river.
The name’s origin reaches back to an ancient Indo-European language, where the word Danu might have meant water. But today all countries call her differently. In Hungarian her name is Duna, in German Donau, which sounds very similar.
There are four capitals along the Danube, the Emperors’ town of Vienna, capital of Austria; Bratislava, the capital of Slovakia; the Pearl of the Danube, Budapest, which is of course capital of Hungary and Beograd, the capital of Serbia.
The biotope of the river is enormously rich, the habitat and the wildlife is well preserved. There are 16 national parks and wild life natural reserves along the river Danube.
The view from the Danube is one of the highlights of Budapest, you can never get bored of! Candle light dinner on a boat sipping a glass of red wine? Or perhaps enjoying the unforgettable view from the top of Gellért Hill?
It is one of the world’s outstanding urban landscapes and illustrates the great periods in the history of the Hungarian capital, which has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage since 1987.
123 hot springs feed the baths of Budapest, already int he Roman period at least 100 of them were known and used. Aquincum was the name of the settlement in the 1st century AD at the River Danube, the name derives from the Celtic origin ‘ac-inc’, meaning rich on waters. The importance made the town to province capital, the citizens used the hot water in public baths and in their private homes as well.
We proudly show the excavations in North Buda, experts say it was a high developed balneo-culture in this area between the 1st and 4th century. Some carved votivaltars prove the healing craft of the waters of Aquincum. In living areas the heat of the waters was used for floor heating as well.
The Hungarian conquerors did know, but not respected the water treasure of the area. Document mention the non-freezing spots at the Danube, but no mentioning of the usage of them for any purpose.
Only the Ottoman occupation brought the new renaissance of the bathing cult, which is connected with the religious, and health regulations of the Koran. Turkish officers started to build the first bathing institutions, some of them are still used today.
Travellers and ambassadors coming from European countries in the 16th century report of the popularity and the benefit of the baths of Buda
The first patients, who consciously looked for healing by the famous water springs arrived only the 19th century to Buda.
Alexandre Dumas Senior came around 1865 some more times to Buda, bad tongues will know he had personal reasons to come, too. He stayed in the Golden Eagle Inn or the Emperor’s Bath, these waters helped him the redeemed from the rheumatic pains he was suffering from.
Today you may see the ruins of the Roman baths, you can try how people enjoyed steam and hot water in the 16th century and the most impressive experience you gain in the wonderful Gellért and Szécheny baths.
Let me show you these and some more unique Baths of Budapest!
The Our Lady’s Church of Buda Castle was built immediately after the Mongol invasion in the 13th century, as in the newly founded Catholic Church of the German population of Buda.
But why ’Our Lady’s’ when Matthias? The story goes back to the early history of Hungary.
King Stephen, the fist ruler in the 11th century realized that the religion of ancient Hungarian people was a foreign body in contemporary Europe, hence you need to fit both the religious and social aspects in European countries. The only question was to turn to Rome or Byzantine Empire?
The Roman Catholic Church was chosen, with it’s help the king established the Hungarian Catholic Church. It was a hard job to convert from an ancestral nature religion with a warmly welcoming godess in the central position among the many gods and spirits.
István used fire and sword to convince the reluctant Hungarians about the need of the new religion.Temples were constructed for each 10 villages together; István himself founded 10 episcopises as clerical centres. Missionaries arrived from Italy and Germany to help the king to fulfil his historical job.
In a short time the job was done. But not deep in the souls of the Hungarians. Why?
The old religion belonged to the nature religions, on top of which there was a goddess, Mother Nature, a welcoming woman figure. It had to be replaced by a new male figure, which could not even speak the language of the natives
The wise king of the Hungarian folk decided to grant a woman figure to his people. With a generous gesture, he offered his crown to Virgin Mary to be the protective saint of the new born Catholic country.
This is the explanation why Hungarians call warmly their country ’The Land of Mary’ and you find villages with amazing Mary churches and pilgrim sites.
But why we know this white lace decorated church as Matthias church if the official name is Our Ladies’ Church?
Well, the widow King Matthias Corvinus married again in 1476 in this church, for the event he let the Southern Tower built. The new fiancée was the princess of Naples, Beatrice of Aragon. Since the king had an excellent PR, still today Hungarians worship him as the most ’Hungarian’ king of their history.
The church is also called ’Coronation Church’. 1309 an Anjou king, Carlo Roberto, 1867 the Emperor of Austria, Franz Joseph and his fabulous wife, Empress Elisabeth were crown to become Hungarian King and Queen.
The very last coronation took place here in 1916.
And why they call Fishermen’s Bastion the decorative surroundings?
Well, the duty of maintaining and defending the wall was dedicated to guilds of the neighbourhood. Obviously, this section belonged to the fishermen on the Danube, hence is the name: Fishermen’s Bastion.
ADATKEZELÉSI TÁJÉKOZTATÓ AZ ÉRINTETT TERMÉSZETES SZEMÉLY JOGAIRÓL SZEMÉLYES ADATAI KEZELÉSE VONATKOZÁSÁBAN (GDPR)
I. FEJEZET AZ ADATKEZELŐ MEGNEVEZÉSE
III. FEJEZET LÁTOGATÓI ADATKEZELÉS A TÁRSASÁG HONLAPJÁN - TÁJÉKOZTATÁS SÜTIK (COOKIE) ALKALMAZÁSÁRÓL
IV. FEJEZET TÁJÉKOZTATÁS AZ ÉRINTETT SZEMÉLY JOGAIRÓL
TABLE OF CONTENTS
NAME OF THE DATA CONTROLLER
NAMES OF THE PROCESSORS
PROCESSING OF VISITORS’ DATA ON THE WEBSITE OF THE COMPANY - GUIDANCE ON THE APPLICATION OF COOKIES
ON THE RIGHTS OF THE DATA SUBJECT